OECD: Public Governance
“The work of the Regulatory Policy Division (REG) aims at building policy support for the development of good regulations in member countries. Particular emphasis is placed on researching and disseminating information on best practice relating to regulatory policy, institutions and tools. The intent is to establish a long-term basis for efficient and responsive regulation.
“Regulation concerns how governments intervene in the economy through laws and other instruments, in pursuit of social, economic and environmental objectives. REG’s emphasis is on ensuring and promoting regulatory quality – combining both good regulation where needed to enhance the functioning of markets or to protect health, safety, or the environment, with deregulation when appropriate, to encourage more open competition.
“The OECD has advanced work in a number of areas including: administrative simplification; regulatory compliance and enforcement; regulatory impact assessment; transparency and communication; and alternatives to regulation. This is a dynamic field in which all OECD countries are undertaking change. The work on regulation is overseen by the Regulatory Policy Committee, and brings together policy officials responsible for cross-cutting and horizontal regulatory reform policies.
“In 1995, the 1995 OECD Recommendation was developed. It has been used by many countries as the basis for new disciplines on the use of regulation and has played a central role in steering the multidisciplinary OECD Regulatory Reform Programme of country reviews, and in sharing OECD country experiences with interested countries in the Asia-Pacific Region, the Middle East and North Africa, Russia, South East Europe and Latin America. Other policy principles have been developed: the 2005 OECD Guiding Principles, and the APEC-OECD Integrated Checklist on Regulatory Reform.”
In addition to Regulatory Policy, topics include: Budgeting and Public Expenditures, Public Sector Innovation and e-Government, Fighting Corruption in the Public Sector, Public Employment and Management, Public Finance, and Risk Management.